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Título: Institutions, state capacity and economic development: the political economy of import substitution industrialisation in Brazil
Autor: Guimarães, Alexandre Queiroz
Orientador: Gamble, Andrew
Nível: Doutorado
Instituição: University of Sheffield
Departamento: Department of Politics
Afiliação: Fundação João Pinheiro
Data: Feb-2003
Descritores: Industrialização
Política industrial
Indústria e Estado
Política de desenvolvimento
Keywords: Industrialization
Industrial policy
Industry and State
Development policy
Abstract: This thesis deals with the determinants and limits of the process of import substitution industrialisation which took place in Brazil from 1930 to 1980. A first important objective is to understand the direction given to the process of industrialisation and the consequent pattern of policy making. Secondly, the thesis asks why the Brazilian state, a key agent in the process of industrialisation, was notable to adopt certain measures and to go in certain directions which could have produced a more solid and sustainable process of economic development. Key attention is given to the concepts of state capacity and the developmental state. The concern with state capacity justifies a careful analysis of industrial policy, undertaken for the capital goods sector in the 1970s. In addition, the thesis is also centred on a comparative analysis. Through the experience of other countries, I intend to highlight the contribution of certain institutional factors to the path of economic development in Brazil. As a conclusion, the thesis shows how institutional factors, e.g. the result of peripheral international insertion and the organisation of social forces and of the state apparatus, constrained the capacity of the Brazilian state to replicate the results achieved by the developmental states in Japan and Korea. The study of the capital goods sector shows this in detail, emphasising the negative effects of divisions inside the state and the resistance of social groups on the coherence and the achievements of Brazilian industrial policy. An important conclusion is that the success of a substantial process of industrial transformation, which affects the interests of several economic groups, demands the construction of a strong coalition able to increase the government’s basis of support. This was an important deficiency of the military government, whose form of domination disregarded the relevance of such political mechanisms.
Referência: GUIMARÃES, Alexandre Queiroz. Institutions, state capacity and economic development: the political economy of import substitution industrialisation in Brazil. 2003. 418 f. Thesis (PhD) - University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK, 2003.
Appears in Collections:EG – Teses de doutorado

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