Estado e economia na Coreia do Sul: do Estado desenvolvimentista à crise asiática e à recuperação posterior

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2010

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The State and the economy in South Korea: from the developmentist state to the Asian crisis and later recovery. The article focuses on the institutions of South Korean capitalism and on the interactions between the state and the economy. The economic model in South Korea was characterized by a very interventionist state, which played a very active role in the process of industrialization. However, South Korea suffered a severe crisis in 1997, attributed by many authors to the distortions inherent to strong state intervention. The article shows that the crisis was a result of the combination between internal economic fragilities and a rapid process of financial deregulation, which undermined the state's capacity of control. The crisis, nevertheless, does not disqualify the role of the national institutions in the very successful process of industrialization. Despite the reforms, the Korean capitalism conserves much of the previous model of business organization and industrial relations. The state continues strong and played active role in the process of economic reforms. There are, nevertheless, doubts about the impacts of the reforms and the new configuration of Korean capitalism. They will depend on the current transformations in world economy and in the East Asian countries.

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GUIMARÃES, A. Q. Estado e Economia na Coréia do Sul? Do Estado Desenvolvimentista à crise Asiática e à recuperação posterior. Revista de Economia Política, v. 30, n. 1, p. 253-269, 2010. Disponível em: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-31572010000100003. Acesso em: 20 jan. 2022.

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