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Título: The color of child mortality in Brazil, 1950-2000: social progress and persistent racial inequality
Autor: Wood, Charles H.
Carvalho, José Alberto Magno de
Horta, Cláudia Júlia Guimarães
Afiliação: University of Florida
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
Fundação João Pinheiro
Data: 2010
Abstract: Now that racism has been offi cially recognized in Brazil, and some universities have adopted affi rmative-action admission policies, measures of the magnitude of racial inequality and analyses that identify the factors associated with changes in racial disparities over time assume particular relevance to the conduct of public debate. This study uses census data from 1950 to 2000 to estimate the probability of death in the early years of life, a robust indicator of the standard of living among the white and Afro-Brazilian populations. Associated estimates of the average number of years of life expectancy at birth show that the 6.6-year advantage that the white population enjoyed in the 1950s remained virtually unchanged throughout the second half of the twentieth century, despite the signifi cant improvements that accrued to both racial groups. The application of multivariate techniques to samples selected from the 1960, 1980, and 2000 census enumerations further shows that, controlling for key determinants of child survival, the white mortality advantage persisted and even increased somewhat in 2000. The article discusses evidence of continued racial inequality during an era of deep transformation in social structure, with reference to the challenges of skin color classifi cation in a multiracial society and the evolution of debates about color, class, and discrimination in Brazil.
Referência: WOOD, C. H.; CARVALHO, J. A. M.; HORTA, C. J. G. The color of child mortality in Brazil, 1950-2000: social progress and persistent racial inequality. Latin American Research Review, v. 45, n. 2, p. 114-139, 2010. Disponível em: https://muse.jhu.edu/article/406363/summary. Acesso em: 24 jan. 2022.
ISSN: 1542-4278
Appears in Collections:FJP - ARTIGOS DE PERIÓDICOS

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